Madurai situated on the banks of River Vaigai is an antique and heritage city. Madurai gets its name from an earlier name Madhurapuri. It is said that the Pandiya King, Kulasekaran built Goddess Meenakshi Amman Temple which is one the World's most wanted temple to visit historical places in Madurai. The rest of the town was also built around the temple. Madurai was the capital of Pandya Kingdom which ruled until the early 10th Century. Thereafter the Chola's ruled for the next three centuries before Pandya rule was re-established. Madurai was famous as centre of literary luminance and nourishing, In the pre-christian era - this city was home to the Tamil Sangam which attracted patronage. Many literary masterpieces were penned which survive even today. Tamil language is said to have risen and glorious heights only during this period of sangam age which was provided a golden touch by the Pandiya Kings.
Shortly thereafter, Madurai has become a part of Mughal Empire. When the Vijayanagar Empire took over, the appointed the Nayaks as their representative to rule Madurai. hey built megistic grand palace which one the best tourist places in Madurai.
Thiruparankundram and Palamuthircholai are the most famous for Lord Murugan pilgrimage tourist places in Madurai
Now a day's the city of Madurai referred by different names like;
*Athens of East
*City of Jasmine
*City that never sleeps
*City of four junctions
Check out this emotional video of Madurai Meenakshi Amman temple from history TV 18
The cleanest iconic in India and also one of the top 30 nominees of the 'New Seven Wonders of the World'. This temple has the ninth-tallest gopuram (170 ft) in the world, built during 1623 to 1655 CE and known to host an estimated 33,000 sculptures, And the notable 'Thousand Pillared Hall', each pillar portraits the Dravidian deities, just outside this hall, towards the west, are the Musical Pillars. Each pillar, when struck, produces a different musical note. Meenakshi Amman Temple is a major pilgrimage destination within the Shaivism tradition, dedicated to Meenakshi Devi and Shiva. However, the temple includes Vishnu in many narratives, sculptures and rituals as he is considered to be Meenakshi's brother (Open Times: 5 am to 12.30 pm and 4 pm to 9.30 pm, Temple Art Museum-1000 Pillar Hall Opening Hours: 07:00 to 12:30 and 16:00 to 20:00)
This 3rd Century Temple was initially built during Pandya reign, while the pillars and shrine were developed later during Vijayanagar dynasty and the rule of Madurai Nayak kings. The five-tiered rajagopuram which is the gateway is one of the most attractive features of this temple. The temple and all its shrines are surrounded by granite walls. The main shrine of the temple has the idol of main deity Koodal Azhagar. There is shrine of Goddess Madhuravalli who is the consort of Koodal Azhagar towards the south. Along with this, there are many small shrines of other God and Goddesses such as Lord Krishna, Lord Rama, Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Narayana. Worship Time: Morning - 05.30 AM - 12.00 PM Evening - 04.00 PM - 09.00 PM
This palace was considered to be one of the wonders of the South in the 17th century. It is a classic fusion of Dravidian and Rajput styles, The most notable feature are gigantic pillars with wideness of around 19 feet and height of 82 feet, there are a total of 248 pillars, the interior is richly decorated whilst the exterior is treated in a more austere style (open time 9.00 am to 5.00 pm (lunch break: 01.00 pm to 01.30 pm) sound & light Show Time: 6.45 pm to 7.35 pm in English)
A temple pond complex with a man-made island in the middle considered as one of the largest temple tanks not only in Tamil Nadu but in South India, this temple tanks receives its water from the River Vaigai. Built in 1645 AD during the rule of Thirumalai Nayak, this temple pond is surrounded by granite steps on all the four sides while in the middle a Vigneshwara Temple is located, which is dedicated to Lord Vinayaka/ Lord Ganesha. These long stairs around the pond along with the temple were built by King Thirumalai Nayak.
The building that houses the Gandhi Memorial Museum, Madurai is the historic Tamukkam Palace belonging to Rani Mangammal of Nayak Dynasty built about 1670 A.D. It exhibits in the Museum include a original letter written personally by Gandhi to Shri Narayanan Sathsangi of Devakottai.
The Museum contains a ‘Visual Biography of Bapuji’ containing photos, paintings, sculptures, manuscripts, quotations and some of the selected photostat copies of many of the letters written by him. (Opening timings of Gandhi Memorial Museum are from 10AM to1PM. It again opens in evening from 2 PM to 5.45 PM Except on Fridays)
This temple has high religious significance as well as presents a captivating architecture. What makes it even more enchanting is the natural setting surrounding this temple. With a history that dates back to early Sangam Age (6th century BCE to c. 3rd century CE). Pandyan dynasty is said to have contributed a lot in the architectural development of this temple. One can see intricate sculpting, showcasing stories from various epics.Worship Time: Morning - 06.00AM - 12.30 PM Evening - 03.30 PM - 08.00 PM
Pazhamudhir Solai is the sixth mentioned temple of Lord Murugan’s Arupadai Veedu Temples. Lord Murugan here stands with a posture of single face with Goddesses Valli and Goddess Deivanai on His both sides. Here, ’Avvaiyar’ the famous female Tamil poet and a great devotee of Lord Murugan, was said to be examined by Lord Murugan from His playful drama. The drama of Lord Murugan concerning Avvaiyar was to acquire an answer from her raising the question, “Which fruit is she needed, whether cooked or uncooked”, which is popularly mentioned in Tamil language as “Sutta Pazham or Sudadha Pazham”. Visit timings from 6 AM to 6 PM
The first among the six abodes (Arupadai Veedu Temples) of Lord Murugan. This temple was built in rock-cut architecture and believed to have been built by the Pandyas during the 6th century. The Rajagopuram (Main Tower) of this temple is found with 7 tiered structures, towering 150 feet high at the entrance of the temple. Tirupparankunram which is associated with the divine marriage of Lord Murugan with Goddess Deivanai, so it is considered as a sacred place for Hindu's traditional marriages (open time: 5 am to 1 pm and 4 pm to 9 pm).
Places to visit
Madurai Cultural Heritage Tour
Madurai Sightseeing Tour
Tour to Thirumayam, Chettinad and Avudaiyarkovil
Divya Desam Tour (100 to 106th) - from Madurai
Aarupadai Veedu - Thiruparankundram(1st) & (6th)
Aarupadai Veedu - Pazhani (3rd) Tour from Madurai
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